Learn the Russian Alphabet | Русский алфавит. Учимся читать по-русски
Reading syllables. Hard and soft consonants.
Practice reading combinations of consonants and vowels
Hard and soft consonants. 7-letter spelling rule. Pay attention to the pronunciation of the vowels ы and и. The letter ы never occurs as the first letter in the word.
Letters ь and ъ. Pronunciation of я, ё, ю, е.
The letter ь indicates the softness of the preceding consonant. The letter ъ indicates the hardness of the preceding consonant.
ь, ъ are only letters, they don't have sounds of their own and cannot be pronounced in isolation.
Unpaired soft and hard consonants
For almost every consonant Russian has two sounds: a hard consonant and a soft consonant. There are three unpaired hard consonants: ж, ш, ц and three unpaired soft consonants ч, щ, й.
How to sound like a native Russian speaker
In a few words the letter г is pronounced [в]. In a root г is pronounced [г].
In a few words the letter ч is pronounced [ш].
The combinations тся and ться can be seen only in some verbs endings and both are pronounced [ца].
What is the difference between Б В З Э Ы Ъ Ь Ю Ф?
Practice your pronunciation